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Caravanserais

CARAVANSARAIS

Caravansarais were built in the old times for people and their animal to stay, have a rest and supply their needs. Moreover the state used to give compensation to people who came to harm and were assaulted where there were no cara-vansaray. To prevent these assaults secure inns were started to be built in 12th and 13th centuries. Big cara-vansarais were built in cities like Alanya, Antalya, Konya, Aksaray, Kayseri, Sivas, Erzincan, and Erzurum which were on important arteries of commerce. These arteries of commerce, which went through Turkey, were going towards Iran and Turkestan. Travellers who came to these caravansarais were regarded as guests and they paid no money for services like eating, drinking, and reparation of their shoes and control of horseshoes for 3 days. Two of these very important caravansarais are in Alanya. This shows that this route which connects Alanya to other regions were very important at those times.

SARAPSA CARAVANSARAY

It is at 15km west of city center, on D-400 highway. At the very first look it looks like a castle. It was built between 1236 and 1248 by the son of Sultan Alaaddin Keykubat, II. Giyaseddin Keyhusrev. It was built on an 850mÇ-rectangular-plan. On the south and north sides of the caravansaray are projections with the purpose of protection. At the east edge there is a small mosque. In the middle of the caravansaray there is a gate which is turned towards north. The places which are for people and for animals are separate. Its ceiling was built in cradle cover style. When you enter the building and look up to the ceiling you will admire how those stones are interlocked and how this building is still standing after 766 years. This building was hired by a man from General Directorate of Foundations and now it provides services as a disco.

ALARA CARAVANSARAY

In some documents it is expressed that caravansarais are buildings which were built with a distance of 40km (9 hours with camel) from each other. This is true for us in a sense. The distance between Alanya and Alara caravansaray was 40 km before the old road, which was full of turns, was renewed. This caravansaray was built by Sultan Alaaddin Keykubat in 1229. But until today the building year of the caravansaray was known as 1232. One of the citizens of Alanya, Prof. Dr. Ali Yardim, stated in his book "Gravestones and Epigraphs in Alanya" this: "This date stems from incorrect reading of old writings. The correct date is 1230."Because of its I magnitude and its construction style it is very different from Sarapsa caravansaray. It was built on a-2000mÇ-area. Its entrance door is towards north. After you enter from this door, you see another door. This part was built for travellers who came with his/her animals. This part was built totally differently in Sarapsa Caravansaray. In Sarapsa there are no separate places for people and animals but in Alara there are special parts for animals and people. Moreover travellers could control their animals anytime they want from the little windows in their rooms. We can still see its mosque, fountain and Turkish bath. This building which is under the administration of General Directorate of Foundations was hired by a business man for 49 years. Now it provides service as a restaurant. There are also small inns other than these caravansarais. One in Kargicak Town in Karagedik district and the one in Dimcay near Alantur Motel are still standing with all their characteristics. These inns and caravansarais are proof of the importance of transporting in Alanya.




 
 
 
   
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